Discussion Paper Details

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Title: Geopolitics, Aid and Growth

Author(s): Axel Dreher, Vera Eichenauer and Kai Gehring

Publication Date: March 2014

Keyword(s): aid effectiveness, economic growth, political instruments, politics and aid and United Nations Security Council membership

Programme Area(s): Development Economics

Abstract: We investigate the effects of short-term political motivations on the effectiveness of foreign aid. Donor countries? political motives might reduce the effectiveness of conditionality, channel aid to inferior projects, reduce the aid bureaucracy?s effort, and change the power structure in the recipient country. We investigate whether geopolitical motives matter by testing whether the effect of aid on economic growth is reduced by the share of years a country has served on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in the period the aid has been committed, which provides quasi-random variation in commitments. Our results show that the effect of aid on growth is significantly lower when aid has been granted for political reasons. We derive two conclusions from this. First, short-term political favoritism reduces growth. Second, political interest variables are invalid instruments for aid, raising doubts about a large number of results in the aid effectiveness literature.

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Bibliographic Reference

Dreher, A, Eichenauer, V and Gehring, K. 2014. 'Geopolitics, Aid and Growth'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.