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Title: Highway To Hitler

Author(s): Nico Voigtländer and Hans-Joachim Voth

Publication Date: May 2014

Keyword(s): establishment of dictatorships, infrastructure spending, Nazi regime, political economy and pork-barrel politics

Programme Area(s): Economic History and International Macroeconomics

Abstract: Can infrastructure investment win ?hearts and minds?? We analyze a famous case in the early stages of dictatorship ? the building of the motorway network in Nazi Germany. The Autobahn was one of the most important projects of the Hitler government. It was intended to reduce unemployment, and was widely used for propaganda purposes. We examine its role in increasing support for the NS regime by analyzing new data on motorway construction and the 1934 plebiscite, which gave Hitler great powers as head of state. Our results suggest that road building was highly effective, reducing opposition to the nascent Nazi regime.

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Bibliographic Reference

Voigtländer, N and Voth, H. 2014. 'Highway To Hitler'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=9983