DP10029 Parenting with Style: Altruism and Paternalism in Intergenerational Preference Transmission
|Author(s):||Matthias Doepke, Fabrizio Zilibotti|
|Publication Date:||June 2014|
|Keyword(s):||Intergenerational Preference Transmission, Occupational Choice, Parenting Style, Paternalism|
|JEL(s):||D10, J10, O10, O40|
|Programme Areas:||International Macroeconomics|
|Link to this Page:||cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=10029|
We develop a theory of intergenerational transmission of preferences that rationalizes the choice between alternative parenting styles (as set out in Baumrind 1967). Parents maximize an objective function that combines Beckerian altruism and paternalism towards children. They can affect their children's choices via two channels: either by influencing children's preferences or by imposing direct restrictions on their choice sets. Different parenting styles (authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive) emerge as equilibrium outcomes, and are affected both by parental preferences and by the socioeconomic environment. Parenting style, in turn, feeds back into the children's welfare and economic success. The theory is consistent with the decline of authoritarian parenting observed in industrialized countries, and with the greater prevalence of more permissive parenting in countries characterized by low inequality.