DP11529 Ranking Languages in the European Union:Before and after Brexit
|Author(s):||Victor Ginsburgh, Juan D. Moreno-Ternero, Shlomo Weber|
|Publication Date:||September 2016|
|Keyword(s):||Communicative benefits, European Union, linguistic disenfranchisement, official languages, Ranking methods|
|JEL(s):||C71, D71, Z18|
|Programme Areas:||Public Economics|
|Link to this Page:||cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=11529|
This article presents a framework for evaluation of the impact of languages in multilingual societies. We consider several ranking methods grounded on various principles, including minimal disenfranchisement, communicative benefits, utilitarianism, and the game-theoretical concept of the Shapley Value. We use data from the Special Barometer survey to apply these methods to languages within the European Union. Although the methods we consider are driven by distinct normative grounds, they generate quite similar results. Finally, we analyse the impact of Brexit on the rankings, especially if English forfeits its status as an ocial language in the Union.