DP11621 Nation Building: The Role of Central Spending in Education
|Author(s):||Francesco Cinnirella, Ruth M. Schueler|
|Publication Date:||November 2016|
|Keyword(s):||indoctrination, Nation building, primary education, Prussian Economic History|
|JEL(s):||H72, I28, N33, N43|
|Programme Areas:||Economic History|
|Link to this Page:||cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=11621|
It is generally argued that, in the context of Imperial Germany, public primary education was used to form "loyal citizen" and to build a nation. In this paper we analyze to what extent central spending on primary education affected participation at general elections and votes for pro-nationalist parties. We combine census data on the sources of school funding with federal election data at the level of 199 constituencies in five-year intervals from 1886 to 1911. Panel estimates of models with constituency and time-fixed effects show that an increase in the share of central spending is positively related to the vote share of pro-nationalist parties and voter turnout. Results from models with lagged central spending by category of expenditure are consistent with the role of indoctrination of public primary education.