DP12534 The Macroeconomic Effects of Trade Tariffs: Revisiting the Lerner Symmetry Result
|Author(s):||Jesper Lindé, Andrea Pescatori|
|Publication Date:||December 2017|
|Keyword(s):||Border Adjustment Tax, Import Tariffs and Export Subsidies, Incomplete and Complete Markets, Lerner Condition, New Keynesian open-economy model, Trade War|
|Programme Areas:||International Macroeconomics and Finance|
|Link to this Page:||cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=12534|
We study the robustness of the Lerner symmetry result in an open economy New Keynesian model with price rigidities. While the Lerner symmetry result of no real effects of a combined change in import tariff and export subsidy holds up approximately for a number of alternative assumptions, we obtain quantitatively important long-term deviations under complete international asset markets. Direct pass-through of tariffs and subsidies to prices and slow exchange rate adjustment can also generate significant short-term deviations from Lerner. Deviations from symmetry, however, do not necessarily imply an impact on global output and are often limited to a redistribution of production and consumption across countries. Finally, we quantify the macroeconomic costs of a trade war and find that they can be substantial, with permanently lower income and trade volumes. However, a fully symmetric retaliation to a unilaterally imposed border adjustment tax can prevent any sizable adverse real or nominal effects.