DP12646 Financial constraints, institutions, and foreign ownership
|Author(s):||Ron Alquist, Nicolas Berman, Rahul Mukherjee, Linda Tesar|
|Publication Date:||January 2018|
|Keyword(s):||cross-border mergers and acquisitions, emerging markets, external finance dependence, Financial Development, Foreign direct investment, foreign ownership, institutional quality|
|JEL(s):||F21, F23, G34, L24, L60|
|Programme Areas:||International Trade and Regional Economics, International Macroeconomics and Finance|
|Link to this Page:||cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=12646|
This paper examines how external finance dependence, financial development, and institutions influence brownfield foreign direct investment (FDI). We develop a model of cross-border acquisitions in which the foreign acquirer's choice of ownership structure reflects a key trade-off between easing target credit constraints and the costs of operating in an environment of low institutional quality. Using a dataset of cross-border acquisitions in emerging markets, we find evidence supporting the central predictions of the model that: (i) a foreign firm is more likely to fully acquire a target firm in sectors that are more reliant on external finance, or in countries with lower financial development/higher institutional quality; (ii) the level of foreign ownership in partially foreign-owned firms is insensitive to institutional factors and depends weakly on financial factors; (iii) the share of foreign acquisitions in all acquisition activity is also higher in external finance dependent sectors, or financially underdeveloped/high institutional quality countries; and (iv) sectoral external finance dependence accentuates the effect of country-level financial development and institutional quality. The theory and empirical evidence provide insight into the interaction between the financial, institutional and technological determinants of North-South brownfield FDI.