DP12735 The labor market integration of refugees to the United States: Do entrepreneurs in the network help?

Author(s): Olivier Dagnelie, Anna Maria Mayda, Jean-Fran├žois Maystadt
Publication Date: February 2018
Keyword(s): entrepreneurship, labor market integration, Refugees
JEL(s): F22, J61
Programme Areas: Labour Economics, International Trade and Regional Economics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=12735

We investigate whether entrepreneurs in the network of refugees - from the same country of origin - help refugees' labor-market integration by hiring them in their businesses. We analyze the universe of refugee cases without U.S. ties who were resettled in the United States between 2005 and 2010. We address threats to identification due to sorting of refugees into specific labor markets and to strategic placement by resettlement agencies. We find that the probability that refugees are employed 90 days after arrival is positively affected by the number of business owners in their network, but negatively affected by the number of those who are employees. This suggests that network members who are entrepreneurs hire refugees in their business, while network members working as employees compete with them, consistent with refugees complementing the former and substituting for the latter.