DP12844 The Cost of Non-Europe, Revisited

Author(s): Thierry Mayer, Vincent Vicard, Soledad Zignago
Publication Date: April 2018
Keyword(s): European Union, Gravity, trade integration
JEL(s): F1
Programme Areas: International Trade and Regional Economics
Link to this Page: www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=12844

In this paper we quantify the ``Cost of Non-Europe'', i.e. the trade-related welfare gains each country member has reaped from the European Union. Thirty years after the terminology of Non-Europe was used to give estimates of the gains from further integration, we use modern versions of the gravity model to estimate the trade creation implied by the EU, and apply those to counterfactual exercises where for instance the EU returns to a ``normal'', shallow-type regional agreement, or reverts to WTO rules. Those scenarios are envisioned with or without the exit of the United Kingdom from the EU (Brexit) happening, which points to interesting cross-country differences and potential cascade effects in doing and undoing of trade agreements.