DP12845 The Propagation of Regional Shocks in Housing Markets: Evidence from Oil Price Shocks in Canada

Author(s): Lutz Kilian, Xiaoqing Zhou
Publication Date: April 2018
Keyword(s): Canada, Housing, oil price, redistribution, regional heterogeneity, resource boom
JEL(s): F43, Q33, Q43, R12, R31
Programme Areas: International Macroeconomics and Finance
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=12845

Shocks to the demand for housing that originate in one region may seem important only for that regional housing market. We provide evidence that such shocks can also affect housing markets in other regions. Our analysis focuses on the response of Canadian housing markets to oil price shocks. We document that, at the national level, real oil price shocks account for 11% of the variability in real house price growth over time. At the regional level, we find that unexpected increases in the real price of oil raise real house prices not only in oil-producing regions, but also in other regions. We develop a theoretical model of the propagation of real oil price shocks across regions that helps understand this finding. The model differentiates between oil-producing and non-oil-producing regions and incorporates multiple sectors, trade between provinces, government redistribution, and consumer spending on fuel. We empirically confirm the model prediction that oil price shocks are transmitted to housing markets in non-oil-producing regions by the government redistribution of oil revenue and by increased interprovincial trade.