DP12880 How Should Capital Be Taxed? Theory and Evidence from Sweden

Author(s): Spencer Bastani, Daniel Waldenström
Publication Date: April 2018
Keyword(s): Capital taxation, corporate tax, Income inequality, Inheritance tax, optimal taxation, political economy, Preferences for Redistribution, Wealth Inequality, Wealth tax
JEL(s): D31, F38, H21, H24
Programme Areas: Public Economics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=12880

This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the role of capital taxation in advanced economies with a focus on the Swedish experience. We synthesize the existing theoretical literature, present facts about the capital stock and its distribution, review current capital tax practices and empirical findings regarding their effects on economic activity. The paper also examines the political feasibility of capital taxation by presenting results from a unique attitude survey targeted to a large representative sample of the Swedish population. Finally, we tie together our findings and discuss their implications for tax policy.