DP14022 3G Internet and Confidence in Government
|Author(s):||Sergei Guriev, Nikita Melnikov, Ekaterina Zhuravskaya|
|Publication Date:||September 2019|
|Date Revised:||October 2019|
|Keyword(s):||3G, Corruption, Government approval, internet, Mobile, populism|
|Programme Areas:||Public Economics, Development Economics, Macroeconomics and Growth|
|Link to this Page:||cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=14022|
How does the internet affect government approval? Using surveys of 840,537 individuals from 2,232 subnational regions in 116 countries in 2008-2017 from the Gallup World Poll and the global expansion of 3G networks, we show that an increase in internet access reduces government approval and increases the perception of corruption in government. This effect is present only when the internet is not censored and is stronger when traditional media is censored.Â Actual incidents of corruption translateÂ into higher corruption perception only in places covered by 3G. In Europe, the expansion of mobile internet increased vote shares of anti-establishment populist parties.