DP14040 The geography of EU discontent
|Author(s):||Lewis Dijkstra, Hugo Poelman, Andrés Rodríguez-Pose|
|Publication Date:||October 2019|
|Keyword(s):||Anti-Europeanism, anti-system voting, economic decline, education, European Union, industrial decline, migration, populism|
|Programme Areas:||International Trade and Regional Economics|
|Link to this Page:||cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=14040|
Support for parties opposed to EU-integration has risen rapidly and a wave of discontent has taken over the EU. This discontent is purportedly driven by the very factors behind the surge of populism: differences in age, wealth, education, or economic and demographic trajectories. This paper maps the geography of EU discontent across more than 63,000 electoral districts in the EU-28 and assesses which factors push anti-EU voting. The results show that anti-EU vote is mainly a consequence of local economic and industrial decline in combination with lower employment and a less educated workforce. Many of the other suggested causes of discontent, by contrast, matter less than expected or their impact varies depending on levels of opposition to European integration.