DP1408 Women's Employment Transitions Around Childbearing

Author(s): Shirley Dex, Heather Joshi, Susan Macran
Publication Date: June 1996
Keyword(s): Labour Force Dynamics, Mothers' Employment Histories
JEL(s): C49, J13, J22, J24
Programme Areas: Human Resources
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=1408

The dynamics of women?s labour supply are examined at a crucial stage of the life-cycle. This paper uses the longitudinal employment history records for 3,893 33-year-old mothers in the 5th sweep of the 1958 National Child Development Study cohort. Models of binary recurrent events are estimated which correct for unobserved heterogeneity, using SABRE software. These models focus (a) on women?s first transition from first childbirth until the interview and (b) on all the monthly transitions. Evidence of a polarization was found between highly-educated, high-wage mothers and lower-educated, low-wage mothers.