DP14441 The Global Financial Resource Curse

Author(s): Gianluca Benigno, Luca Fornaro, Martin Wolf
Publication Date: February 2020
Keyword(s): Bretton Woods II, Capital Flows, export-led growth, global productivity growth, International financial integration, low global interest rates, U.S. productivity growth slowdown
JEL(s): E44, F21, F41, F43, F62, O24, O31
Programme Areas: International Macroeconomics and Finance, Monetary Economics and Fluctuations, Macroeconomics and Growth
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=14441

Since the late 1990s, the United States have received large capital flows from developing countries and experienced a productivity growth slowdown. Motivated by these facts, we provide a model connecting international financial integration and global productivity growth. The key feature is that the tradable sector is the engine of growth of the economy. Capital flows from developing countries to the United States boost demand for U.S. non-tradable goods. This induces a reallocation of U.S. economic activity from the tradable sector to the non-tradable one. In turn, lower profits in the tradable sector lead firms to cut back investment in innovation. Since innovation in the United States determines the evolution of the world technological frontier, the result is a drop in global productivity growth. We dub this effect the global financial resource curse. The model thus offers a new perspective on the consequences of financial globalization, and on the appropriate policy interventions to manage it.