DP14484 Real-Time Weakness of the Global Economy: A First Assessment of the Coronavirus Crisis

Author(s): Danilo Leiva, Gabriel Pérez-Quirós, Eyno Rots
Publication Date: March 2020
Date Revised: March 2020
Keyword(s): Coronavirus, factor model, International Business Cycles, Nonlinear
JEL(s): C22, E27, E32
Programme Areas: International Macroeconomics and Finance
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=14484

We propose an empirical framework to measure the degree of weakness of the global economy in real-time. It relies on nonlinear factor models designed to infer recessionary episodes of heterogeneous deepness, and fitted to the largest advanced economies (U.S., Euro Area, Japan, U.K., Canada and Australia) and emerging markets (China, India, Russia, Brazil, Mexico and South Africa). Based on such inferences, we construct a Global Weakness Index that has three main features. First, it can be updated as soon as new regional data is released, as we show by measuring the economic effects of coronavirus. Second, it provides a consistent narrative of the main regional contributors of world economy's weakness. Third, it allows to perform robust risk assessments based on the probability that the level of global weakness would exceed a certain threshold of interest in every period of time.