DP15158 A Second Chance? Labor Market Returns to Adult Education Using School Reforms

Author(s): Patrick Bennett, Richard Blundell, Kjell G Salvanes
Publication Date: August 2020
Keyword(s): Adult education, Fertility, Gender Inequality, Returns to education
JEL(s): I26, I28, J13
Programme Areas: Labour Economics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=15158

Roughly one third of a cohort drop out of high school across OECD countries, and developing effective tools to address prime-aged high school dropouts is a key policy question. We leverage high quality Norwegian register data, and for identifi?cation we exploit reforms enabling access to high school for adults above the age of 25. The paper fi?nds that considerable increases inhigh school completion and beyond among women lead to higher earnings, increased employment, and decreased fertility. As male education remains unchanged by the reforms, later life education reduces the pre-existing gender earnings gap by a considerable fraction.