DP15355 Is Environmentalism the Right Strategy to Decarbonize the World?
|Author(s):||Marco Marini, Ornella Tarola, Jacques-François Thisse|
|Publication Date:||October 2020|
|Keyword(s):||Environmental policy, Environmentalism, Psychic Costs and Benefits, Vertical Product Differentiation|
|JEL(s):||D11, L13, Q50|
|Programme Areas:||Public Economics, Industrial Organization, International Trade and Regional Economics|
|Link to this Page:||cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=15355|
We study how the supply of environmentalism, which is defined by psychic benefits (costs) associated with the purchase of high-environmental (low-environmental) qualities, affects the way firms choose their products and the ensuing consequences for the global level of pollution. Contrary to general belief, a high supply of environmentalism does not give rise to a better environmental outcome because it endows firms with more market power which they use to maximize profits. By contrast, standard policy instruments such as a minimum quality standard or the use of greener technologies leads to a better ecological footprint.