DP15659 Personnel Management and School Productivity: Evidence from India

Author(s): Renata Lemos, Karthik Muralidharan, Daniela Scur
Publication Date: January 2021
Keyword(s): Management Practices, school performance, student value added
JEL(s): I25, M5, O1
Programme Areas: Labour Economics, Public Economics, Development Economics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=15659

This paper uses new data to study school management and productivity in India. We report four main results. First, management quality in public schools is low, and ~2 s.d. below high-income countries with comparable data. Second, private schools have higher management quality, driven by much stronger people management. Third, people management quality is correlated with both independent measures of teaching practice, as well as school productivity measured by student value added. Fourth, private school teacher pay is positively correlated with teacher effectiveness, and better-managed private schools are more likely to retain more effective teachers. Neither pattern is seen in public schools.