DP16915 CREATIVE AGAINST THE PANDEMIC: Measuring Creativity in Rural India
|Author(s):||Giorgia Barboni, Elisa Giannone, Karmini Sharma|
|Publication Date:||January 2022|
|Keyword(s):||Creativity, India, Mixed-methods, Pandemics, Social Connectedness, Soft skills|
|JEL(s):||D63, I32, O11|
|Programme Areas:||Development Economics, Macroeconomics and Growth|
|Link to this Page:||cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=16915|
Defining metrics for assessing soft skills has long been an unresolved issue for social scientists. We develop a new methodology to study and measure a specific soft skill, creativity, by combining mixed-method data collections with statistical analysis. We draw close-ended questions on creativity from the management literature. We also design a novel set of open-ended questions on creativity. We administer both sets of questions to 137 Indian women in December 2020. After using qualitative coding methods to score each woman's creativity, we cross-validate the two sets of questions and find positive correlation. We then apply this methodology to study how the pandemic has affected creativity. We find that women's creativity increased during the Covid-19 pandemic, and that increases in creativity are associated with better ex-ante social connectedness. Our approach of combining quantitative questions with coded qualitative interviews can be adapted to design survey modules to measure other soft skills.