DP3609 Sheepskin Effects in Japan

Author(s): Thomas Bauer, Patrick J Dross, John P Haisken-DeNew
Publication Date: November 2002
Keyword(s): Japan, returns to education, sheepskin effects
JEL(s): I21, J24, J31
Programme Areas: Labour Economics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=3609

Using data for the 1990s, this Paper examines the role of sheepskin effects in the returns to education for Japan. Our estimations indicate that sheepskin effects explain about 50% of the total returns to schooling. We further find that sheepskin effects are only important for workers in small firms with the size of these effects being similar to comparable estimates for the US. These results could be explained by the particular recruitment system of large firms in Japan, which makes the university diploma unimportant as a screening device for large firms.