DP5337 Do Global Trade Distortions Still Harm Developing Country Farmers?

Author(s): Kym Anderson, Ernesto Valenzuela
Publication Date: November 2005
Keyword(s): agricultural value added, CGE modeling, economic welfare, trade policy reform
JEL(s): C68, D58, F17, Q17
Programme Areas: International Trade and Regional Economics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=5337

We estimate the impact of global merchandise trade distortions and services regulations on agricultural value added in various countries. Using the latest versions of the GTAP database and the GTAP-AGR model of the global economy, our results suggest real net farm incomes would rise in developing countries with a move to free trade, thereby alleviating rural poverty - despite a terms of trade deterioration for developing countries that are net food importers or are enjoying preferential access to agricultural markets of high-income countries. We also show, for several large developing countries, the contribution of their own versus other countries' trade policies