DP5351 Oppositional Identities and the Labour Market
|Author(s):||Harminder Battu, MacDonald Mwale, Yves Zenou|
|Publication Date:||November 2005|
|Keyword(s):||ethnic minorities, identity, multiple equilibria, social networks, white's norm|
|Programme Areas:||Labour Economics|
|Link to this Page:||www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=5351|
We develop a model in which non-white individuals are defined with respect to their social environment (family, friends, neighbours) and their attachments to their culture of origin (religion, language), and in which jobs are mainly found through social networks. We find that, depending on how strong peer pressures are, nonwhites choose to adopt “oppositional” identities since some individuals may identify with the dominant culture and others may reject that culture, even if it implies adverse labour market outcomes.