DP5547 International Trade with Competitiveness Effects in R&D

Author(s): Armando José Garcia Pires
Publication Date: March 2006
Keyword(s): asymmetric firms, competitiveness effects, international trade, oligopoly, R&D investment, spatial demand markets
JEL(s): F12, L13, O31
Programme Areas: International Trade and Regional Economics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=5547

In an oligopoly trade model where firms engage in R&D, international differences in market size allow for the emergence of endogenous asymmetries between firms. Concretely, firms located in countries with more demand become more competitive because they have strong incentives to perform R&D ('home market' and 'competitiveness effects' in R&D). As a consequence, these firms have better access to export markets and the countries where they are hosted often also tend to run trade surplus in the oligopolist sector. This shows that cross-border differences at the level of R&D intensity can be a basis for international specialization.