DP6154 Public Action for Public Goods

Author(s): Abhijit Banerjee, Lakshmi Iyer, Rohini Somanathan
Publication Date: March 2007
Keyword(s): collective action, public goods
JEL(s): 012, H41
Programme Areas: Development Economics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=6154

This paper focuses on the relationship between public action and access to public goods. It begins by developing a simple model of collective action which is intended to capture the various mechanisms that are discussed in the theoretical literature on collective action. We argue that several of these intuitive theoretical arguments rely on special additional assumptions that are often not made clear. We then review the empirical work based on the predictions of these models of collective action. While the available evidence is generally consistent with these theories, there is a dearth of quality evidence. Moreover, a large part of the variation in access to public goods seems to have nothing to do with the ?bottom-up? forces highlighted in these models and instead reflect more ?top-down? interventions. We conclude with a discussion of some of the historical evidence on top-down interventions.