DP7302 Fiscal Stimulus with spending reversals

Author(s): Giancarlo Corsetti, André Meier, Gernot Müller
Publication Date: May 2009
Keyword(s): consumption, Fiscal policy transmission, monetary policy, real exchange rate, real interest rates, sticky prices
JEL(s): E62, E63, F41
Programme Areas: International Macroeconomics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=7302

The impact of fiscal stimulus depends not only on short-term tax and spending policies, but also on expectations about offsetting measures in the future. This paper analyzes the effects of an increase in government spending under a plausible debt-stabilizing policy that systematically reduces spending below trend over time, in response to rising public liabilities. Accounting for such spending reversals brings an otherwise standard new Keynesian model in line with the stylized facts of fiscal transmission, including the crowding-in of consumption and the `puzzle' of real exchange rate depreciation. Time series evidence for the U.S. supports the empirical relevance of endogenous spending reversals.