DP7745 Growth, History, or Institutions? What Explains State Fragility in Sub-Saharan Africa
|Author(s):||Graziella Bertocchi, Andrea Guerzoni|
|Publication Date:||March 2010|
|Keyword(s):||Africa, colonial history, institutions, State fragility|
|JEL(s):||H11, N17, O43|
|Programme Areas:||International Macroeconomics, Public Economics|
|Link to this Page:||cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=7745|
We explore the determinants of state fragility in sub-Saharan Africa. Controlling for a wide range of economic, demographic, geographic and institutional regressors, we find that institutions, and in particular the civil liberties index and the number of revolutions, are the main determinants of fragility, even taking into account their potential endogeneity. Economic factors such as income growth and investment display a non robust impact after controlling for omitted variables and reverse causality. Colonial variables reflecting the history of the region display a marginal impact on fragility once institutions are accounted for.