DP8609 More Schooling, More Children: Compulsory Schooling Reforms and Fertility in Europe
|Author(s):||Margherita Fort, Nicole Schneeweis, Rudolf Winter-Ebmer|
|Publication Date:||October 2011|
|Keyword(s):||education, fertility, instrumental variables|
|Programme Areas:||Labour Economics|
|Link to this Page:||cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=8609|
We study the relationship between education and fertility, exploiting compulsory schooling reforms in Europe as source of exogenous variation in education. Using data from 8 European countries, we assess the causal effect of education on the number of biological kids and the incidence of childlessness. We find that more education causes a substantial decrease in childlessness and an increase in the average number of children per woman. Our findings are robust to a number of falsification checks and we can provide complementary empirical evidence on the mechanisms leading to these surprising results.