DP8778 Do Public Work Schemes Deter or Encourage Outmigration? Empirical Evidence from China

Author(s): Nancy H Chau, Ravi Kanbur, Yu Qin
Publication Date: January 2012
Keyword(s): Outmigration, Public Works Schemes, Rural China
JEL(s): H53, J43, O15
Programme Areas: Development Economics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=8778

How does the introduction of rural public work schemes impact individual incentives to migrate? This paper examines this question in the context of rural public work program (Yigong-daizhen) in China, and unveils empirical evidence that suggest that the introduction of Yigong-daizhen projects in fact stimulates outmigration at the village level, after controlling for village characteristics and project types. By furthermore accounting for the endogeneity of Yigong-daizhen placement, the impact of such projects is found to be even larger. These results are consistent with household migration behavior in the presence of significant cost of migration, and credit market imperfection.