DP9329 Financial Crises: Explanations, Types, and Implications

Author(s): Stijn Claessens, Ayhan Kose
Publication Date: February 2013
Keyword(s): asset booms, banking crises, credit booms, crises prediction, currency crises, debt crises, defaults, financial restructuring, policy implications, Sudden stops
JEL(s): E32, E5, E6, F44, G01, H12
Programme Areas: Financial Economics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=9329

This paper reviews the literature on financial crises focusing on three specific aspects. First, what are the main factors explaining financial crises? Since many theories on the sources of financial crises highlight the importance of sharp fluctuations in asset and credit markets, the paper briefly reviews theoretical and empirical studies on developments in these markets around financial crises. Second, what are the major types of financial crises? The paper focuses on the main theoretical and empirical explanations of four types of financial crises?currency crises, sudden stops, debt crises, and banking crises?and presents a survey of the literature that attempts to identify these episodes. Third, what are the real and financial sector implications of crises? The paper briefly reviews the short- and medium-run implications of crises for the real economy and financial sector. It concludes with a summary of the main lessons from the literature and future research directions.