DP9394 Firewood Collections and Economic Growth in Rural Nepal 1995-2010: Evidence from a Household Panel
|Author(s):||Jean-Marie Baland, Francois Libois, Dilip Mookherjee|
|Publication Date:||March 2013|
|Keyword(s):||deforestation, Environmental Kuznets Curve, growth, Nepal|
|JEL(s):||D12, O1, Q2|
|Programme Areas:||Development Economics|
|Link to this Page:||cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=9394|
A household panel data set is used to investigate the effects of economic growth on firewood collection in Nepal between 1995 and 2010. Results from preceding cross-sectional analyses are found to be robust: (a) rising consumptions for all but the top decile were associated with increased firewood collections, contrary to the Poverty-Environment hypothesis; (b) sources of growth matter: increased livestock was associated with increased collections, and falling household size, increased education, non-farm business assets and road connectivity with reduced collections. Nepal households collected 25% less firewood over this period, mostly explained by falling livestock, and rising education, connectivity and out-migration.