DP9674 How does corporate governance affect bank capitalization strategies?

Author(s): Deniz Anginer, Asli Demirguc-Kunt, Harry Huizinga, Kebin Ma
Publication Date: October 2013
Keyword(s): Bank capital, Corporate governance, Dividend payouts, Executive compensation
JEL(s): G21, M21
Programme Areas: International Macroeconomics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=9674

This paper examines how corporate governance and executive compensation affect bank capitalization strategies for an international sample of banks over the 2003-2011 period. ?Good? corporate governance, which favors shareholder interests, is found to give rise to lower bank capitalization. Boards of intermediate size, separation of the CEO and chairman roles, and an absence of anti-takeover provisions, in particular, lead to low bank capitalization. However, executive options and stock wealth invested in the bank is associated with better capitalization except just before the crisis in 2006. In that year stock options wealth was associated with lower capitalization which suggests that potential gains from taking on more bank risk outweighed the prospect of additional loss. Banks? tendency to continue payouts to shareholders after experiencing negative income shocks are shown to reflect executive risk-taking incentives.