Free DP Download 05 November 2021 - WOMEN IN ECONOMICS: Europe and the World

Friday, November 5, 2021

Emmanuelle Auriol, Guido Friebel, Alisa Weinberger and Sascha Wilhelm CEPR Discussion Paper No. 16686 | November 2021

Based on data collected from the top research institutions in economics around the globe (including universities, business schools and other organisations such as central banks), a new CEPR study by Emmanuelle Auriol, Guido Friebel, Alisa Weinberger and Sascha Wilhelm documents the underrepresentation of women in economics. Among the findings:  

  • For the 238 universities and business schools in the sample, women hold 25% of senior level positions (full professor, associate professor) and 37% of junior level positions. 
  • In the 82 US universities and business schools, the figures are 20% on the senior level and 32% on the entry level, while in the 122 European institutions, the numbers are 27% and 38%, respectively, with some heterogeneity across countries. 
  • The numbers also show that the highest-ranking institutions (in terms of research output) have fewer women in senior positions, in the US, this effect is even present on the junior level.
  • The "leaky pipeline" may hence begin earlier than oftentimes assumed, and is even more of an issue in the highly integrated market of the US. 
  • In Europe, an institution ranked 100 places higher has three percentage points fewer women in senior positions, but in the US it is almost 5 percentage points.

Figure: Proportion of Women in All Academic Positions (Full Database)

Source: This figure plots information on all positions in the full database as of February 2021. Countries for which we have no observations in our database are left blank.

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