Discussion paper

DP11253 Pricing Assets in an Economy with Two Types of People

This paper constructs a general equilibrium model with two types of people where asset price fluctuations are caused by random shocks to the price level that reallocate consumption across generations. In this model, asset prices are volatile, and price-earnings ratios are persistent, even though there is no fundamental uncertainty and financial markets are sequentially complete. I show that the model can explain a substantial risk premium while generating smooth time series for consumption and financial assets across types. In my model, asset price fluctuations are Pareto inefficient and there is a role for treasury or central bank intervention to stabilize asset prices.


Farmer, R (2016), ‘DP11253 Pricing Assets in an Economy with Two Types of People‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 11253. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp11253