Discussion paper

DP14592 Generalized Robustness and Dynamic Pessimism

This paper develops a theory of dynamic pessimism and its impact on asset prices. Notions of time-varying pessimism arise endogenously in our setting as a consequence of agents’ concern for model misspecification. We generalize the robust control approach of Hansen and Sargent (2001) by replacing relative entropy as a measure of discrepancy between models by the more general family of Cressie-Read discrepancies. As a consequence, the decision-maker’s distorted beliefs appear as an endogenous state variable driving risk aversion, portfolio decisions, and equilibrium asset prices. Using survey data, we estimate time-varying pessimism and find that such a proxy features a strong business cycle component. We then show that using our measure of pessimism helps match salient features in equity markets such as excess volatility and high equity premium.


Maenhout, P, A Vedolin and H Xing (2020), ‘DP14592 Generalized Robustness and Dynamic Pessimism‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 14592. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp14592