Discussion paper

DP16106 Regulating Platforms as Utilities? A Business Model Perspective

Current discussions about how to regulate platforms revolve around the extent to which existing frameworks can and should be applied to modern-day platform firms and business models. We outline and explain the economic and strategic features of platforms, and compare and contrast them to utility industries often considered structurally similar. We will then outline the manner in which these industries have been regulated and the rules for regulatory intervention and assess how these approaches and others currently being discussed are likely to affect competition and innovation on modern-day platforms.


Kretschmer, T and S Werner (2021), ‘DP16106 Regulating Platforms as Utilities? A Business Model Perspective‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 16106. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp16106