Discussion paper

DP16903 Measuring Consumer Sustainability Benefits

While consumer sustainability benefits exhibit particular characteristics, e.g., as they are typically based on non-use value, they can be measured by standard instruments as applied in environmental cost-benefit analysis, such as conjoint analysis and contingent valuation. Their measurement may be particularly sensitive to provided context, which makes it necessary to be particularly careful when measuring consumers’ willingness-to-pay. This sensitivity, however, also allows to expand the scope for such benefits and enables an appropriate modelling of the counterfactual. While we advocate for a careful consideration of such more “reflective willingness-to-pay”, we are critical about a blank consideration of externalities and with it consumers’ willingness-to-pay for a change in the behaviour of other consumers.


Inderst, R and S Thomas (2022), ‘DP16903 Measuring Consumer Sustainability Benefits‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 16903. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp16903