DP17231 The Real Effects of Exchange Rate Depreciation: The Role of Bank Loan Supply
Using matched bank-firm-level data and the 2014 depreciation of the euro, we show that exchange rate depreciations can lead to higher loan supply. Large banks with high net dollar exposure increase lending to export-intensive firms and—through interbank markets—to small banks without foreign-currency asset exposure but with a high share of exporting firms in their portfolio. We also find that German regions with such small banks experience higher output growth following the depreciation. These findings show the importance of banks’ balance sheet structure and interbank markets in transmitting exchange rate shocks to the real economy.