Discussion paper

DP17386 A shot at economic prosperity: Long-term effects of India’s childhood immunization program on earnings and consumption expenditure

Routine childhood vaccinations are among the most cost-effective interventions. In recent years, the broader benefits of vaccines, which include improved cognitive and schooling outcomes, have also been established. This paper evaluates the long-term economic benefits of India’s national program of childhood vaccinations, known as the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP). We combine individual-level data from the 68th round of the National Sample Survey of India (2011–2012) with district-wise data on the rollout of UIP in 1985–1990. We employ age-district fixed effects regression models to compare the earnings and per capita household consumer spending of 21- to 26-year-old adults who were born in UIP-covered districts vis-à-vis non-UIP districts in 1985–1990. We find that exposure to UIP in infancy increases weekly wages by 13.8% (95% CI: 7.6% to 20.3%, p

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Citation

Summan, A, A Nandi and D Bloom (eds) (2022), “DP17386 A shot at economic prosperity: Long-term effects of India’s childhood immunization program on earnings and consumption expenditure”, CEPR Press Discussion Paper No. 17386. https://cepr.org/publications/dp17386