Discussion paper

DP1900 Ownership and Growth

This paper introduces state-owned enterprises into an endogenous-growth model with an expanding variety of inputs. It shows that, if state firms are less efficient than private firms in organizing labour and also in adopting new technology, the rate of innovation and, hence, also the rate of growth of output will be lower in the long run, ceteris paribus, because the rate of innovation is adversely affected. The model is tested on cross-section data for about 75 industrial and developing countries over the period 1978?92. We find that the size of state-owned sector is inversely related to total factor productivity and economic growth.


Gylfason, T, G Zoega and T Herbertsson (1998), ‘DP1900 Ownership and Growth‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 1900. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp1900