Discussion paper

DP7084 Tax Contracts and Government Formation

We introduce tax contracts and examine how they affect government formation and welfare of voters in a democracy with proportional elections. A tax contract specifies a range of tax rates a party is committed to if in government. We develop a new model of party competition in which parties choose tax rates, public-good provision, and perks, and we show that the introduction of tax contracts has two effects: a perks effect and a policy-shift effect. The former plays a central role in societies with a low degree of political polarization, where it tends to reduce politicians' perks. If a society is highly polarized, tax contracts can yield more moderate political outcomes. However, there are also circumstances in which tax contracts induce more extreme policies.


Gersbach, H and M Schneider (2008), ‘DP7084 Tax Contracts and Government Formation‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 7084. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp7084