Discussion paper

DP9737 Giffen?s Good: A case of mistaken identification

Giffen reported that, in the late nineteenth century, English wheat consumption rose when its price increased ? the first recorded ?Giffen good?. Using Giffen?s data, I explain how he reached his conclusion. I then show that his analysis was faulty: price elasticity of demand appears positive when the demand curve is incorrectly identified, but is significantly negative ? like any normal good ? when it is correctly identified. Since the pathological Giffen good case was actually just mistaken identification, it is no surprise that Giffen goods are impossible to find elsewhere. Popularization of the Giffen good stemmed from Marshall?s and Samuelson?s influential textbooks.


Brunt, L (2013), ‘DP9737 Giffen?s Good: A case of mistaken identification‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 9737. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp9737