Asmaa El-Ganainyis a Deputy Division Chief at the IMF’s Institute for Capacity Development (European and Middle Eastern Division). Previously, she contributed to the IMF’s surveillance, lending, research, and capacity development work at the European and Fiscal Affairs Departments. Her experience has covered wide range of countries, including advanced, emerging and low-income countries. She has also contributed to the IMF’s work on several crisis cases, including Greece at the height of the 2010 European sovereign debt crisis. She has published in the fields of sovereign debt, public finance, capital flows, labor economics, and economic growth.