DP8328 Taxes, Social Subsidies and the Allocation of Work Time

Author(s): Liwa Rachel Ngai, Christopher Pissarides
Publication Date: April 2011
Keyword(s): allocation of time, home production, multisector model, social subsidies, tax wedge
JEL(s): E2, H5, J2
Programme Areas: International Macroeconomics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=8328

We examine the allocation of hours of work across industrial sectors in OECD countries. We find large disparities across three sector groups, one that produces goods without home substitutes, and two others that have home substitutes but treated differently by welfare policy. We attribute the disparities to the countries' tax and subsidy policies. High taxation substantially reduces hours in sectors that have close home substitutes but less so in other sectors. Subsidies increase hours in the subsidized sectors that have home substitutes. We compute these policy effects for nineteen OECD countries.