Simiao Chen is Head of Research Unit for Health and Population Economics at Heidelberg Institute of Global Health at Heidelberg University in Germany, Visiting Professor at Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College in China, and Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellow. Her primary areas of research include population health, health economics, aging, health systems, and health policy, mainly focusing on public health emergency response policies, the interrelations between health status and economic growth, the impacts of health and economic development policies, and the social determinants of health. She has published more than 30 articles in renowned journals such as The Lancet, JAMA, BMJ, Lancet Planetary Health, Science Translational Medicine, Health Affairs, Social Science and Medicine, and Journal of the Economics of Ageing. Simiao has also been a consultant for the World Bank, the Pan American Health Organization, the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the Population Council in Pakistan. She received a bachelor’s degree in industrial engineering from Tsinghua University, a master’s degree in management science from Columbia University, and a doctorate in population health economics from Harvard University.