DP14294 The Gender Wage Gap on an Online Labour Market: The Cost of Interruptions

Author(s): Abigail Adams-Prassl
Publication Date: January 2020
Keyword(s): Flexibility, Gender Difference, Gig economy, Multitasking, Telework
JEL(s): J16, J24, J31
Programme Areas: Labour Economics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=14294

This paper analyses gender differences in working patterns and wages on Amazon Mechanical Turk. Using information on 2 million tasks, I find no gender difference in task selection nor experience on the platform. Nonetheless, women earn 20% less per hour on average.  Half of this gap is explained by differences in the scheduling of work; women have more fragmented work patterns with consequences for their task completion speed. A follow up survey shows that the wage gap is concentrated amongst women with young children, who also report that domestic responsibilities affect their ability to plan and complete work online.