DP14505 Intergenerational Transmission of Unemployment - Causal Evidence from Austria

Author(s): Dominik Grübl, Mario Lackner, Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Publication Date: March 2020
Keyword(s): instrumental variables, Intergenerational transmission, mass layoff, Unemployment Duration
JEL(s): J62, J64
Programme Areas: Labour Economics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=14505

We estimate the causal effect of parents' unemployment on unemployment among their children in their own adulthood. We use administrative data for Austrian children born between 1974 and 1984 and apply an instrumental variables (IV) identification strategy using parents' job loss during a mass layoff as the instrument. We find evidence of unemployment inheritance in the next generation. An additional day of unemployment during childhood causally raises the average unemployment days of the adult child by 1 to 2%. The greatest effects are observed for unmarried parents, young children, children of low-education parents, and in families living in capital cities. We also explore various channels of intergenerational unemployment, such as education, income, and job matching by parents.