DP15798 Fire Sale Risk and Credit

Author(s): Dion Bongaerts, Francesco Mazzola, Wolf Wagner
Publication Date: February 2021
Keyword(s): Collateral, credit supply, creditor concentration, fire sales, foreclosure laws, joint liquidation risk
JEL(s):
Programme Areas: Financial Economics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=15798

This paper examines whether the risk of a future collateral fire sale affects lending decisions. We study US mortgage applications and exploit exogenous variation in foreclosure frictions for identification. We find lenders to be less likely to approve mortgages when anticipated losses due to uncoordinated collateral liquidations are high, and when there iselevated risk of joint collateral liquidation. These results suggest that fire-sale risk has implications for credit allocation, and that lenders' collective origination decisions mitigate fire sale risk ex-post. However, we also find the effects to be significantly weaker outside periods in which fire sales are salient.