Discussion paper

DP13658 Acculturation, Education, and Gender Roles: Evidence from Canada

This paper studies the influence of cultural norms on economic outcomes. We combine detailed information on second-generation female immigrants with historical data from their an- cestral source countries to see how the cultural endowment affects current decisions on work and fertility. We show that results using the standard approach are sensitive to context and specifi- cation. We then extend to reveal an education gradient for cultural assimilation: lower-educated women exhibit a strong influence of cultural variables while higher-educated women show no in- fluence at all. We gather and present evidence on several potential mechanisms for the education gradient.


Kessler, A and K Milligan (2019), ‘DP13658 Acculturation, Education, and Gender Roles: Evidence from Canada‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 13658. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp13658