Discussion paper

DP17598 When Women Win: Can Female Representation Decrease Gender-Based Violence?

Every day, three women are murdered in the United States by a current or former partner. Yet policy action to prevent gender-based violence has been limited. Previous studies have highlighted the effect of female political representation on crimes against women in the developing world. This paper investigates whether the election of a female politician reduces the incidence of gender-based violence in the United States. Using a regression discontinuity design on mixed-gender races, we find that the election of a female House Representative leads to a short-lived decline in the prevalence of femicides in her electoral district. The drop in femicides is mainly driven by a deterrence effect that results from higher police responsiveness and effort in solving gender-related crimes.

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Citation

Frisancho, V, E Pappa and C Santantonio (eds) (2022), “DP17598 When Women Win: Can Female Representation Decrease Gender-Based Violence?”, CEPR Press Discussion Paper No. 17598. https://cepr.org/publications/dp17598